[Blockchain in SEA] Stock Exchange 2.0 Activates Securities Token Trading
Blockchain in SEA
210days ago


Time:1/9  15:00
Wechat group: BlockChain-in-SEA

Guest:Jirayut Srupsrisopa, Co-founder & CEO of bitkub.com, Thailand
Host:Andy Zheng, Beecast CEO





Andy Zheng: Hi, everyone! I am Andy Zheng, CEO of Beecast.

Welcome to the leading blockchain community media [Beecast] and join us with 5000+ communities & 1000000+ Beecasters in [Blockchain in SEA] to discuss blockchain technology and industry development.

This is the Phase 11, Topic: Stock Exchange 2.0 Activates Securities Token Trading.

Guest: Jirayut Srupsrisopa CEO of bitkub, one of the first Thai exchanges to get licences yesterday .

Jirayut Srupsrisopa, Co-founder & CEO of bitkub.com, Thailand. He has dedicated the majority of his career in the cryptocurrency and blockchain technology industry.

He co-founded coins.co.th, Thailand's largest bitcoin exchange. Before Blockchain emerged, Jirayut worked as an investment banker, financial consultant, and central banker. He is a speaker and one of Thailand's leading bitcoin and open blockchain experts. Coins.co.th is also one of the first Thai exchanges to get licences.

He holds an MPhil in Economics from Oxford University, UK. Now he is the co-founder and CEO at bitkub.com - Thailand's leading digital asset exchange. So yesterday was Topp's festival.


Andy Zheng: Mr. Jirayut, you graduated from Oxford and spent a few months as an investment banker. What prompted you to give up the high-paying jobs and start creating a cryptocurrency exchange? And what are the unforgettable experiences in the process?

Jirayut Srupsrisopa: Hey, guys, thank you for having me today.

So, I studied Economics at Oxford.  And like other traditional students, after graduation, I applied for an investment banking job in Shanghai. I had spent only a few months working as an investment banker when I first felt that corporate job is not for me. But, I decided to give it another try and applied as a financial consultant in San Francisco. During that time,  I had one-month job transition. So, I decided to fly to the Philippines to help my friends on the startup scene, after that, back to Shanghai again. That was the time when I discovered Bitcoin back in 2013.

Then, I started my second job as a financial consultant. Only after the first few weeks of working, I realized that this corporate job was not really for me. So, I finally decided to book a ticket and made my way back home. Here in Thailand, I started my first company, Coins.co.th. This was one of the very first bitcoin exchange in Thailand back in early 2014. And the reason why I started a cryptocurrency exchange company was that I discovered that entrepreneurship is probably what I like. I am interested in stuff related to finance and technology, and I found Bitcoin to be both financial and technology related. These moments were the most difficult, but also the most unforgettable experiences. My family had very high expectations of me. They expected me to get a really high paying career because I graduated from Oxford. But, instead of living up to their expectations, I was doing whatever I'm doing on a computer in a spare room every morning as soon as I wake up. My parents back then had no idea what startup was.

After a few months into my first startup, the Bank of Thailand issued a letter saying that Bitcoin is not a legal tender, and I should not get involved with it. They said that Bitcoin was probably a Ponzi Scam. Those were very tough times for I had to prove myself to my friends, my customers, and my employees. Not to mention that during those times, it was very difficult to hire employees.  Then, another incident came. The AML officers contacted us and sent us a letter regarding out AML and KYC processes. So, we had to go and educate the AML officers about cryptocurrency. Imagine those times when people still thought of Bitcoin as toy money and used in money laundering and dark market. Thus, convincing the officials that Bitcoin is not a scam and that everything is traceable was almost impossible.

And, another case also came from the "RD," revenue department. They visited our office because they didn't know how to tax Bitcoin companies and customers. That was in 2015. So we had to, again, educate the Revenue Department of what Bitcoin is, whether or not should we tax Bitcoin transactions, and how that doesn't make sense that we should go for business taxes and new regulation.

Then in 2016, that was when the Thailand SEC stepped in. We were one of the very first to educate them what blockchain is. They're one of the full thinking regulators in Thailand. They understood blockchain, and that's when we started working with them. Then, a year later in 2017, the crypto exchange operating license came out. Thus, it gets easier with the regulations and acquiring customers because education catches up.


Andy Zheng: Thanks for your legendary experience.

On the afternoon of January 8, the Thai Securities and Exchange Commission issued four cryptocurrency exchange licenses, which shows Thailand’s embrace of cryptocurrency and blockchain since the issuance of the national cryptocurrency. Thailand has become one of the first countries in Asia to license cryptocurrency exchanges. What do you think makes bitkub.com one of the four authorized exchanges? Or what are the advantages of bitkub over other exchanges?

Jirayut Srupsrisopa: Yes. So yesterday, the Thailand SEC finally announced the exchange licenses. We were in one of the very first batches. Initially, there were seven companies. But, yesterday, only four companies got the exchange license from the Thailand SEC. The other two got rejected, and one is in consideration. I think one of the reasons that make Bitkub a very strong cryptocurrency exchange in the eyes of the regulators is that we amalgamate the blockchain experts. Since I've been in this industry for five years now, I know a lot of people in this industry, and I have gathered everyone together to start bitkub.com.
Another reason is that Bitkub is very well funded. To get an exchange license, you have to go through a lot of auditing, restrictions, and requirements that demand a huge capital. And Bitkub is one of the very early startups that were able to close one of the biggest seed fundings in the startup history in Thailand. We have a registered capital of fifty million baht. Aside from that, another advantage is we know the group of people that have been in this industry for a long time. We have been working with Thailand SEC educating them and setting out the framework of proper regulation.
The other crypto firms that got rejected are new in the industry. This is one of the possible reasons they got denied of the license as they only entered this space last year. When you run an exchange, there are a lot of details you have to consider that most people outside the industry would not know until they actually been through all the experiences and learn all the criteria. I think, that also contributes to Bitkub’s advantage over other exchanges. We have been through all those criteria already, and we don't repeat the same mistakes. On top of that, we are one of the biggest blockchain teams in Thailand. Bitkub Capital Group Holdings is consist of four main business units. First, we have Bitkub online taking care of the digital asset exchange platform where we have the most number of coins listed. And we are very selective on the coins listed on our exchange. Second is Bitkub Blockchain providing ICO services. Third, we have Bitkub Blockchain Academy holding education workshops in blockchain technology. We are also in partnership with Siam Blockchain which is currently one of the biggest media portals. And last is the Bitkub Capital acting as a venture capital firm taking care of investments. Moreover, we provide a 24-hour trading service with more pay-in and payout options. Also, we have the most other best services and hold the best reputation here in Thailand.


Andy Zheng: I hope there are more good legal policies in Thailand.

Bitkub Capital Holdings aims to provide the full range of services for the digital asset ecosystem, including e-wallet, cryptocurrency trading, investment advisory, an ICO portal and investment in startups. What are the areas on which bitkub is currently more focused?
And is there a unique business strategy?
Jirayut Srupsrisopa: There are different phases that constitute our business strategy. The best way to answer this question is to use an analogy. Let's say there are two islands. The first island is the physical world where we are currently living our lives in, and another island is a purely digital currency world. What Bitkub is trying to do is to bridge the gap between the two islands so people can migrate to the new digital economy. In this digital island, people can do business where they can seamlessly transfer anything of value without any intermediaries. And the first step to start the migration process is to build a bridge between the physical world and the digital world. We can see Bitkub as a network of bridges connecting the two islands.

Bitkub exchange is a bridge that allows people to convert fiat currency to digital currency easily. What we have been focusing on in the past year is making sure that we comply with regulatory standards. Because the bridge has to have a very strong footing on both ends (the physical world and the digital world). On the digital side, we ensure that the exchange is easy to use. And in the physical world, we see to it that we comply with the regulators and have a robust AML and KYC policy in place. This is to maintain balance with both worlds. Once we established a strong connection between the physical and digital world, people can start to migrate into the digital currency world. They can easily buy and sell the digital currency with as many pay-in and payout options as possible such as e-wallets, banks, and non-bank options.
After establishing a safe and convenient travel to and from the island, the second phase is to attract more people into the digital island. Frictionless transfer of value can drive people to the new economy, but we have to create more incentives to speed up the migration process. So, for this next phase, we founded a second company which is an ICO Portal. We can think of the ICO Portal as an engineer for creating more buildings in the digital island. Its responsibility is to make sure that we digitize as many kinds of assets as possible into a one to one ratio to the physical world whether it is digital gold, digital diamonds, digital businesses, or digital currency. We can upload any kind of value online via one to one manner through blockchain technology as it creates digital scarcity. People cannot cheat anymore. As more coins are created and more assets are digitized, it will be more attractive for people to migrate and adapt to the digital world.
Then, the third phase involves our third company which is Bitkub Blockchain Academy. In the analogy case, we can think of this as a map. We need a map to educate people and to properly direct them to this digital island without the risk of falling off the bridge. Back in 2013 and 2014, when people want to buy Bitcoin, they had to spin over across to this digital island because there were no convenient bridges or the early bridges were very poorly built. But now, with the help of Bitkub Blockchain Academy, we are confident that our bridge is strong to facilitate a smooth transition. Education will serve as a map to guide people of what to do and provide them with a clear direction into the digital island.

Furthermore, with our fourth company, we are planning to incubate other ecosystem builders to expedite the migration process. We can invest in different digital currencies, ICOs or startup, and blockchain startups.
Currently, the area that Bitkub is more focused on is the exchange, because this is the first phase in the migration process. During the past months, we've been focusing on building a strong bridge making sure that both the old world and the new world are happy and in perfect harmony.


Andy Zheng: You have said that you plan to develop Stock Exchange 2.0, would you please explain more about the Exchange 2.0 you expect?

Jirayut Srupsrisopa: Yes, because the technology infrastructure is ready. And, the blockchain technology has finally arrived. One of my favorite quotes is this, “20 years ago, the internet created digital abundance. Thus, we can have as many digital copies as we can write in the past. But now, blockchain creates digital scarcity. It provides a limited number of digital copies. People cannot have multiple copies anymore.” That differentiates information with value. In the past 20 years, we have been able to upload information online, but it does in a way that creates more digital copies. And, we were not able to upload value online. That’s the reason why we needed intermediaries and bookkeepers to make sure that the system itself is safe and people cannot cheat. But now,  both the infrastructure and blockchain technology are ready.

Currently, we can upload any kind of value in the same manner that we have been uploading information or files. And we can transact value the same way we can send emails. I think once this environment is ready, the stock exchange 2.0 will arrive in the near future. People can buy and sell any kind of asset in the same way we buy and sell stocks. Because if you think about it, stock is just a digital representation of whatever has value in the physical world. But not everyone can afford a whole publicly listed billion dollar company. So, there's this concept of fractional ownership and digital ownership.

We can apply these two same concepts with any kind of asset. In the future, people can trade gold, diamonds, businesses, a charity, boat, event, intellectual properties, or brand celebrity reputation the same way we've been trading stocks. And people cannot cheat. Because once everything is kept in the blockchain, it will just be a digital representation of whatever that has value in the physical world in a one to one manner. And we will not have inflation anymore.

So, we foresee in the future that financial assets will be an order of magnitude more than what we currently have. Right now, we only have digital stocks, digital bond, and fx. But in the future, we can trade both tangible and intangible assets in the same way we have been trading stocks online.


Andy Zheng: Many blockchain projects will issue their own Token. Token has financial attributes, which also makes many projects to issue air coins to grab wealth. How do you think we should look at and deal with this disorder?  And what should the real Token economy be like?

Jirayut Srupsrisopa: The blockchain is based on incentives, crypto economics, and game theory in the free market. But the short-run market is not perfect. So, I think, how we should deal with this issue is to have regulators or the government intervention in the short-term. But in the long term, the market rule self selects out bad projects. It will be more efficient in the long run to have a free market. In the short-run, for instance, in Thailand, the Thailand SEC has issued an ICO portal license. Right now, for projects who want to do ICO will have to go through the ICO portal, and the ICO Portal will work closely with the Thailand SEC to screen out bad projects.

This should allow the government to prevent any Ponzi Scam on bad projects from the ecosystem in the short term. But in the long-term, I think the market should be efficient on its own. And once the education catches up, the government can intervene less and less. I think this follows a similar trend to what the internet was when it first arrived. When the internet first arrived, the government also got scared back then. And they formed many regulations surrounding the internet. With the first generation of companies, they used the intranet, not the internet, because they could control everything within their closed system. Even though the internet and the intranet share the same protocol, TCPIP allows us to share information. The difference is the internet is open, and intranet is a closed system. In Thailand back then, we used to have this regulation where people had to write a letter to ask permission to leave a comment on webboard. But that regulation is no longer feasible in the second generation of companies when they are using the internet more than the intranet.

So I think Thailand is following a very similar process. Currently, Thailand SEC is regulating the space with the ICO Portal. Every project would have to send a letter to the ICO Portal, work with them and need government approval before they can launch. But in the long term, this system will be open with blockchain. And crypto economics should work well with the game theory that incentivized every place to keep the system safe on its own without needing the government intervention.


Andy Zheng: Blockchain projects erupted in 2018, and sifting out good projects is like a gold washing. Many investment institutions consider teams important when selecting projects.
What are your screening criteria? In addition, can you introduce the flow path of ICO in the bitkub?

Jirayut Srupsrisopa: Bitkub is quite selective on the coins listed on our exchange because we are now a financial and a regulated entity. So, we have our screening process where each project would have to meet our ten criteria listed on our website. We will look at things such as their teams, their founders and leadership. Do they have mission, vision, and strategy? How about the progress of the product and solid track records? We will check who their advisors are. Do they come from notable background business operations? We will also look at business operations and engineers they have in that team. Moreover, we still look at the technology. Do these projects have a minimum viable product? The minimum requirement for the coin to be listed is based on the discussion with Thailand SEC.

The minimum requirement for the coins to be listed on our exchange based on the discussion with Thailand SEC is that each project must have at least a minimum viable product and not just sell ideas about the coins. The source code must be well documented and reviewed on GitHub. We also look at white papers, yellow papers, and executive summaries to concisely inform the reader about the assets, projects, and goals. We also look at another criterion which is the legal and compliance. We have to make sure that the projects did a proper KYC and AML compliance duties, abiding with Bitkub user agreements.

The road map is another important factor that we look at. Does it show good business logic with the timeline, the stages of the project, and its milestone? Can the team reach what it promises to the public? We should look at market circulation than the number of supply based on assets or coins. Does it make sense? The demand for tokens or projects? In addition, we have to look at their community activities, investments, crypto economic incentives, and utility of the token. Those are the things we look at which includes the token sale structure, the sales supply, team ownership, transparency, and security. And this can be reviewed on the Bitkub exchange website.

There are a lot of projects reaching out to Bitkub to be listed on a regulated exchange. Usually, they first send an email to business@bitkub.com. Then, we will schedule a meeting, do a background check, and we will proceed from there. But the minimum requirement is to meet all the listing criteria displayed on our website.


Andy Zheng: How does the bitkub Exchange ensure security?  And how do you control risk when you invest?

Jirayut Srupsrisopa: We don't store our customer's asset online to minimize the risk. To be a licensed entity, you have to go through all the security procedures from the SEC to make sure that the system is safe, and the company is able to protect the users' fund. We are also looking in the possibility of having insurance coverage on the custodian service for the customer's asset in the future. We also have internal training to make sure that our internal operating procedure is safe. And those are just a few options. We are looking to explore especially the insurance coverage for our customers' assets in the future.


Andy Zheng: As a senior preacher in the blockchain field, you may have come into contact with a lot of people in the industry. Are there anyone you admire, and why? Beecast currently covers 250 cities in 15 countries, 5,000 community nodes, 1 million users, and hopes to invite more big names to [Blockchain in SEA] to share the blockchain knowledge, promoting the development of the industry. In the blockchain industry of SEA, if Mr. Jirayut introduces one or two guests to be interviewed, who would you recommend to Beecast to share?

Jirayut Srupsrisopa: There are a lot of people that I admire in the blockchain space. I think the person that I admire the most is probably the CEO of Coinbase, Brian Armstrong. He was one of the very first visionary CEO in the space. And he was able to grow a company with very little capital. Now, coinbase is already a unicorn in the space with over 8 billion dollars valuation in just a few years. I think what he has accomplished in the ecosystem is amazing.

Q & A

Audience: What will be the impact on the operation of bitkub after getting an Exchange license? What changes will happen on bitkub?

Jirayut Srupsrisopa: On the operations of Bitkub,  nothing has changed. Because we have been operating since before the regulation came out. During the auditing process when applying for the license, the SEC has already audited our operations. And the system has already put in place. We already have a proper system before we got the license. And the regulators were very happy with what we already have in place before they gave out licenses. So nothing has changed.


Andy Zheng: Thank you. Because of time constraints, we have to finish today’s online interview. Thank you very much for Mr. Jirayut's wonderful sharing!

Jirayut Srupsrisopa: Feel free to add me on wechat or email me at topp@toppjirayut.com or connect with me here on Facebook, too.





[Blockchain in SEA] 证券交易所2.0激活证券通证化交易


对话时间:2018 年 1月 9日  15:00 



Jirayut Srupsrisopa,



东南亚Beecast CEO


郑西平:各位Beecaster,大家晚上好!我是东南亚Beecast CEO 郑西平。

欢迎大家来到领先的区块链社群媒体【Beecast】,与5000+社群1000000+Beecasters一起参与【Blockchain in SEA】节目,探讨区块链技术与行业发展。本期是Beecast【Blockchain in SEA】第11期,


嘉宾:Jirayut Srupsrisopa。

Jirayut Srupsrisopa,泰国数字货币交易所Bitkub联合创始人兼CEO。他的大部分职业生涯都致力于加密货币和区块链技术行业。他联合创立了泰国最大的比特币交易所coins.co.th。在区块链出现之前,他曾担任投资银行家、金融顾问和央行银行家。他是一名演讲者,也是泰国领先的比特币和开放区块链专家之一。他拥有牛津大学经济学硕士学位。现在,他是泰国领先的数字资产交易所Bitkub.com的联合创始人兼首席执行官。



Jirayut Srupsrisopa: 大家好,谢谢邀请。我曾在牛津大学攻读经济学专业。和其他传统学生一样,毕业后,我在上海申请了一份投资银行工作,但我只花了几个月做投资银行家,那时候我第一次觉得公司的工作不适合我的时候。但是我决定再试一次,于是申请了一份在旧金山的财务顾问的工作。期间,我有一个月的工作过渡,所以我决定飞到菲律宾帮助我在创业的朋友,然后回到上海。那是2013年,我发现比特币的时候。


在我的第一家初创公司成立几个月后,泰国银行(Bank of Thailand)给我发了一封信,称比特币不是法定货币,我不应该参与其中。他们说比特币可能是庞氏骗局。那是非常艰难的时期,因为我必须向我的朋友、我的顾客和我的员工证明我自己。更不用说在那段时间里,雇佣员工是非常困难的。然后又发生了一起事件。反洗钱官员与我们联系,并就反洗钱和KYC进程给我们发了一封信。所以,我们必须去教育反洗钱官员有关加密货币的知识。想象那时候,人们仍然认为比特币是一种玩具货币,并被用于洗钱和黑市。因此,说服官员们相信比特币不是骗局,一切都是可以追踪的,这几乎是一件不可能的事情。





Jirayut Srupsrisopa: 是的,昨天,泰国证券交易委员会终于宣布了交易许可。我们是第一批中的一员。最初有七家公司。但是昨天只有四家公司获得了泰国证券交易委员会交易许可。另外两家被拒绝了,其中一家正在审核之中。我认为使得Bitkub成为监管机构眼中一个有实力的加密货币交易所的原因之一是,我们聚集很多了区块链专家。自从我在这个行业工作了五年以来,我认识这个行业的很多人,我召集所有人一起开始创办itkub.com。


其他被拒绝的密码公司在这个行业是新进入的,他们去年才进入这个空间,或许是被拒绝的原因之一。当你经营一家交易所的时候,有很多细节你必须考虑到,大多数行业以外的人是不会知道的,直到他们真正经历了所有的经验,并学习了所有的标准。我想,那是与其他交易所相比,这就是Bitkub的优势。我们已经通过了所有这些标准,我们不会重复同样的错误。最重要的是,我们是泰国最大的区块链团队之一。Bitkub资本集团控股公司由四个主要业务部门组成。首先,Bitkub在线负责数字资产交换平台,在这个平台上,我们拥有最多的上市数字货币。我们对交易所上市的数字货币非常挑剔。第二,Bitkub BlockChain提供ICO服务。第三,我们有Bitkub区块链学院举办区块链技术教育讲习班。我们还与目前最大的媒体门户之一的SiamBlockChain合作。最后是Bitkub资本作为一家风险投资公司都是投资。此外,我们还提供24小时交易服务,提供更多的付费和支付选择,我们还有其他最好的服务,在泰国拥有最好的声誉。



Jirayut Srupsrisopa: 两个岛屿。第一个岛是物质世界,是我们目前的生活,另一个岛屿是一个纯粹的数字货币世界。Bitkub想要做的是弥合这两个岛屿之间的隔阂,这样人们就可以迁移到新的数字经济时代。在这个数字岛上,人们可以做生意,在那里他们可以无缝地转移任何有价值的东西,而不需要任何中介。开始迁移过程的第一步是在物质世界和数字世界之间架起一座桥梁。我们可以看到Bitkub是连接这两个岛屿的桥梁网络。





Jirayut Srupsrisopa:  是的,因为技术基础设施已经准备好了。而且,区块链技术终于到来了。我最喜欢的一句话之一是,“20年前,互联网创造了数字资源。因此,我们可以有尽可能多的数字副本,因为我们可以写在过去。但现在,区块链创造了数字稀缺。它提供的数字拷贝数量有限。人们不能有多个副本“它区分信息和价值。在过去的20年里,我们能够在线上传信息,但它确实可以创造更多的数字副本。而且,我们不能在线计算值。这就是为什么我们需要中介和簿记员来确保系统本身是安全的,不存在欺骗。但现在,基础设施和区块链技术已经准备好了。






Jirayut Srupsrisopa:  区块链建立在激励机制、密码经济学和自由市场博弈论的基础上。但短期市场并不完美。所以,我想,我们应该如何处理这个问题,就是要有规律。短期内政府的干预。但从长远来看,市场规则自己选择不良项目。从长远来看,建立一个自由市场将更有效率。例如,在泰国,泰国证券交易委员会已经颁发了ico门户许可证,现在,对于想要做ico的项目,必须通过ico门户,ico门户将与泰国证券交易委员会共同筛选不良项目。





Jirayut Srupsrisopa: Bitkub在我们交易所上市的币上很有选择性,因为我们现在是一个金融和受监管的实体。所以,我们有我们的筛选过程,每一个项目我们要达到我们网站上列出的十个标准。我们将看看他们的团队,他们的创始人和领导能力。他们有使命、远见和战略吗?进展如何?产品和可靠的记录?我们会检查他们的顾问是谁,他们是否来自显著的背景业务?我们还将了解他们的业务运作和工程师情况。此外,我们还在研究这项技术,这些项目有最低限度的可行产品吗?该币种上市的最低要求是基于与泰国证券交易委员会的讨论。






Jirayut Srupsrisopa: 我们不在线存储客户的资产以减少风险。要成为一个有执照的实体,你必须通过证券交易委员会的所有安全程序来确保系统是安全的,公司能够保护用户的资金。我们也在考虑将来是否可以为客户的资产提供保管人服务的保险。我们还接受内部培训,以确保我们的内部操作程序是安全的,这些只是几个选择。我们正在探索特别是我们客户的未来资产的保险范围。


郑西平:Jirayut作为资深的区块链领域布道者,应该接触过很多行业内人士,其中是否有您欣赏和佩服的从业者,为什么?Beecast目前覆盖15个国家250个城市、5000个社群节点、用户100万+,希望通过[Blockchain in SEA]邀请更多的大咖来社群分享区块链,以推动整个行业进一步的发展,如果Jirayut引荐一到两位嘉宾,您会引荐谁来做客Beecast进行分享?

Jirayut Srupsrisopa: 在区块链领域有很多人我很佩服。我认为我最钦佩的人可能是Coinbase的首席执行官Brian Armstrong。他是该领域第一位有远见的首席执行官之一,他能够让一个几乎没有资本的公司成长起来。现在,在短短几年内,coinbase已经在太空中占有超过800亿美元的价值。我想他在这一生态系统中取得的成就是惊人的。




Jirayut Srupsrisopa:关于Bitkub的运营,没有什么改变。因为在法规出台之前我们就一直在运作。在申请许可证的审核过程中,证交会已经对我们的业务进行了审计,这个系统已经建立起来了,在我们拿到执照之前我们已经有了一个合适的系统。监管机构对我们已经在他们发放许可证之前已经就位了,所以什么也没有改变。

Jirayut Srupsrisopa:关于Bitkub的运营,没有什么改变。因为在法规出台之前我们就一直在运作。在申请许可证的审核过程中,证交会已经对我们的业务进行了审计,这个系统已经建立起来了,在我们拿到执照之前我们已经有了一个合适的系统。监管机构发放许可证之前我们已经就位了,所以什么也没有改变。

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